Spasticiy can be defined as increased muscle tone and is generally asociated with pain and discomfort. Spasticity results from brain and/or spinal cord injury.
Severe spasticity may cause difficulty in movements and severe pain in children and adults.
Baclofen pump implantation surgery and dorsal selective rhiztomies are generally applied surgical tecnhiques in patients with a severe spasticity. Baclofen pump regularly releases baclofen into spinal cord subarachnoid space which causes relaxation in muscle tone.
On the other hand, dorsal selective rhizotomy surgery is preferred in particular patients who suffer from cerebral palsy with severe diplegic spasticity.